War and Religion in the Reformation Era
The Protestant Reformation, which started as a religious movement in 1517, quickly became politicized in Germany. Because religion and politics could not be separated in the Middle Ages and the early modern period, political conflict over the Reformation soon led to war. The separation of church and state was not an early modern ideal. On the contrary, contemporaries sought to preserve the principle of "one state, one religion," thereby opening the door to civil war, and eventually European war. This lecture will explore the reasons for the outbreak of religious wars in the aftermath of the Reformation.
Presented by Ute Lotz-Heumann, Heiko A. Oberman Professor of Late Medieval and Reformation History. She is the author and co-author of three books on the Reformation and Counter-Reformation in Ireland, Germany, and Europe. She has also co-edited six volumes. Since 2010 she has been the European editor of the journal Archive for Reformation History. Currently, she is working on the history of holy wells and healing waters in early modern Germany between the sixteenth and the eighteenth centuries. Her book on German spa culture is forthcoming.